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Across the World, Let our creed be
Satyam, Shivam, Sundaram (Truth, Goodness, Beauty)





Constitution & Institutions of Governance






7 June 2010

In the 5000-year or so known history of mankind, democracy finds only brief mentions. Through the history, democracy has been an extremely unstable and shortlived system of governance. Democracy flourished in modern times just when imperialism and colonialism brought massive resources from the colonies. Will democracy survive when colonialism has come to an end?

Please download printer-friendly pdf file (11 pages, 283 kB) by clicking on the link above.





20 March 2010

BJP has acted as the C-team of Congress in getting The Women's Reservation Bill passed in Rajya Sabha. This open letter looks at the Bill from nationalistic perspective. The letter ends with the following two lines:-
"I sincerely hope that you will not be remembered as a person who helped drive nails into the coffin of democracy in India. The least that I expect from you is that you will not allow BJP Parliamentary Party to issue a whip on the issue of 108th Constitution Amendment Bill, as and when it comes up in the Lok Sabha."

Please download printer-friendly pdf file (6 pages, 40 kB) by clicking on the link above.





30 January 2010

People in power have a unique way of thinking. Understanding their mind is something that ordinary mortals might find difficult. This article looks into the logic that an official mind employs. Reference is to the approach of Election Commission of India in the matter of electronic voting machines but that is only incidental.

Electronic Voting Machines are being used for all elections in India. Shailendra Pradhan and Anil Chawla filed a petition before High Court of Madhya Pradesh raising doubts about whether the machines and related systems, procedures and personnel are fully reliable, foolproof, hacker-proof, tamperproof and yield results with zero probability of error.

The petition was admitted for consideration on 15 April 2009. The petitioners could not pursue it. However, other people (of them notably Dr. Subramaniam Swamy) took the matter forward. About three years after the petition was filed, Election Commission accepted the demand of the petitioners and agreed tomake fundamental changes in the design of EVM's.

Kindly download the petition and reply of Election Commission to judge for yourself.

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(2.86 MB)
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IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF INDIAN STATE
Anil Chawla
26 January 2003


On the eve of Republic Day (2003) President of India spoke about trying to make India a developed country by 2020. This is likely to remain a pipe-dream unless India improves her efficiency. India must learn a lesson from the collapse of USSR.





Image of cover page of Draft of The New Constitution of Bharat
Draft of the New Constitution of Bharat

1997, (50th Anniversary of India's Independence)
Author - Anil Chawla
(46 pages, 223 KB)
Printer-friendly pdf format.

Click here to download zip file of English version (197 KB)


Image of cover page of Hindi Draft of The New Constitution of Bharat
Bharat Ke Naye Samvidhan Ka Praroop (Hindi)

Author - Anil Chawla
(49 pages, 255 KB)
Printer-friendly pdf format.

Click here to download zip file of Hindi version (228 KB)

This alternative to the present Constitution of India was most humbly presented to the Nation. It was originally published by Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad. The Draft proposes a new paradigm of governance. Key features include providing a role to the academic community and defence services in the governance of the country.

The Draft was released at National Symposium on the subject of Constitution of India and Alternatives organized at Bhopal on 6th September, 1998.
Click here to see some photographs of the Symposium.

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LIBERAL DEMOCRACY AND DRAFT OF AN ALTERNATIVE CONSTITUTION
V.T. Joshi
18th September, 2000


A critical analysis of the Draft of Alternative Constitution in the light of the basics of Liberal Democracy.





UNIVERSITIES & DEMOCRACY
VT Joshi and Anil Chawla
Year 1999


French Revolution produced a bunch of leaders who were no different than the conceited, egoist, hollow, corrupt leaders that India has today. Democracy could flourish in Europe only after the universities and the academic community were given a role in governance.





KEY INSTITUTIONS OF GOVERNANCE & PLANE HIJACK
5 January, 2000


Hijacking of Indian Airlines flight IC814 exposed the weaknesses of judiciary, legislature and executive of India.





TRAIN ACCIDENTS & GOVERNMENT EFFICIENCY IN INDIA
VT Joshi and Anil Chawla
17 August, 1999


A major train accident that killed hundreds; a Govt. hospital that is dirty beyond imagination - Symptoms of a diseased system.





REVIEW OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA - NEED FOR AN HONEST DEBATE
29 January, 2000

On the occasion of 50 years of India's Constitution, the President and the Prime Minister publicly clashed swords on the subject of review of the Constitution of India. An analysis of the situation.





INDIAN JUDICIARY AND REVIEW OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
VT Joshi and Anil Chawla
10th November, 1999


An article that takes a critical look at the state of Indian judiciary and argues against giving responsibility of review of Constitution to members of this sick institution.





THE NEW ANIMAL FARMS
31st December 1999


A comment on the way Indian Parliamentary Democracy is converted to Fascism and Ochlocracy by whips and by reservations.




UNCONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE SIGNING OF THE GATT TREATY BY GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
20 June, 1998


Download a notice sent by two Indian citizens to Union of India. Writ Petition for Supreme Court can be drafted based on the notice.




REPUBLIC IN ANCIENT INDIA -
NEED FOR A NEW PARADIGM IN POLITICAL SCIENCE

8 December 2000


It is generally presumed that the commonly prevalent system of Government in ancient India was monarchy and instances of republic were either exceptions or aberrations. This paper aims to contest this apparent view and seeks to argue that the system in ancient India was closer to a republic than a monarchy, though it differed from both in many essential matters. Printer-friendly pdf format (22 pages)

The above article is an academic one. If you want to have just the gist of the article, you may download the presentation that the author made on 28 February 2006 at National Seminar on "History And Philosophy of Indian Science - Recent Trends And Future Prospects", organized by Cell for Indian Science and Technology In Sanskrit, Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, IIT Bombay.

Download presentation in MS PowerPoint format

Download presentation in pdf format

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